Category: Math Colloquium

Finnur Lárusson

Valentina Giangreco, June 7, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Finnur Lárusson, Adelaide University

Title: Chaotic holomorphic automorphisms of Stein manifolds with the 
volume density property

Location: VR-II, V-158
Time: Tuesday July 9 at 11.00 am

Abstract:

I will report on joint work with Leandro Arosio. Let $X$ be
a Stein manifold of dimension $n\geq 2$ satisfying the volume density
property with respect to an exact holomorphic volume form. For example,
$X$ could be $\C^n$, any connected linear algebraic group that is not
reductive, the Koras-Russell cubic, or a product $Y\times\C$, where $Y$
is any Stein manifold with the volume density property. We prove that
chaotic automorphisms are generic among volume-preserving holomorphic
automorphisms of $X$. In particular, $X$ has a chaotic holomorphic
automorphism. Forn\ae ss and Sibony proved (but did not explicitly
state) this for $X=\C^n$ in 1997. We follow their approach closely.
Peters, Vivas, and Wold showed that a generic volume-preserving
automorphism of $\C^n$, $n\geq 2$, has a hyperbolic fixed point whose
stable manifold is dense in $\C^n$. This property can be interpreted as
a kind of chaos. We generalise their theorem to a Stein manifold as above.

Guðmundur Magnússon

Valentina Giangreco, June 7, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Guðmundur Magnússon, HI

Title: Multi Dispatcher Systems and interacting policies

Location: VR-II, V-258
Time: Tuesday June 18 at 11.00 am

Abstract:

This project explores the performance of parallel server system. The focus of the project is a system using multiple heuristic policies to route jobs to a server. To achieve this there is a simulator created that uses the Monte Carlo method to numerically simulate the performance of a system. It displays with figures the result of some simulations under different conditions and answers how different policies interact in this multi dispatcher system.

BSc thesis under the supervision of  Esa Olavi Hyytiä.

Sylvain Arguillère

Valentina Giangreco, June 7, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Sylvain Arguillère, CNRS – Institut Camille Jordan – MMCS

Title: Shape analysis through flows of diffeomorphisms

Location: VR-II, V-258
Time: Thursday June 13 at 11.00 am

Abstract:

The goal of shape analysis is to compare shapes in a way that takes into account their geometric properties. The end goal is to give an adapted framework for the statistical analysis of medical data, in order to identify sick patients automatically for example. In this talk, I will describe a method introduced by Alain Trouvé, which allows to compare shapes through flows of diffeomorphisms with minimal energy, using tools from differential geometry and optimal control.

Wolfgang Woess

Valentina Giangreco, May 31, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Wolfgang Woess, TU Graz

Title: THE LANGUAGE OF SELF-AVOIDING WALKS

Location: VR-II, V-155
Time: Tuesday June 4 at 11.00 am

Abstract:

Let X = (VX, EX) be an infinite, locally finite, connected graph without
loops or multiple edges. We consider the edges to be oriented, and EX is equipped with
an involution which inverts the orientation. Each oriented edge is labelled by an element
of a finite alphabet Σ. The labelling is assumed to be deterministic: edges with the same
initial (resp. terminal) vertex have distinct labels. Furthermore it is assumed that the
group of label-preserving automorphisms of X acts quasi-transitively. For any vertex o
of X, consider the language of all words over Σ which can be read along self-avoiding
walks starting at o. We characterize under which conditions on the graph structure this
language is regular or context-free. This is the case if and only if the graph has more
than one end, and the size of all ends is 1, or at most 2, respectively. (joint work with Christian Lindorfer).

Primoz Potocnik

Valentina Giangreco, May 20, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Primoz Potocnik, University of Ljubljana

Title: Symmetries of finite graphs – a personal overview

Location: VR-II, V-158
Time: Tuesday May 28 at 11.00 am

Abstract:

Whether a graph is more or less symmetric is typically measured in terms of its automorphism group consisting of all permutation of its vertices which preserves the adjacency relation. The highest level of symmetry is achieved when the automorphism group has only one orbit on the vertices and/or edges of the graph. I will give a personal and gentle overview of the problems and the results about this class of graphs.

Giulio Cerbai

Valentina Giangreco, May 1, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Giulio Cerbai, University of Florence

Title: Sorting Permutations Using Pattern-Avoiding Stacks

Location: Tg-227
Time: Thursday May 9 at 11.40 am

Abstract:

The problem of sorting a permutation using a stack was proposed by Knuth in the 1960s. As it is well known, sortable permutations can be characterized in terms of pattern avoidance and their enumeration is given by the Catalan numbers. Since then, lots of generalizations have been proposed, either by increasing the number of stacks or by using different sorting devices (queues, pop stacks…). Unfortunately, the same problem with 2 stack in series is too hard and both the characterization and the enumeration of the sortable permutations are still unknown.
In this work we start the analysis of a new sorting device, consisting in two restricted stacks in series, where each stack cannot contain a given pattern. We will use a right-greedy procedure, thus generalizing the case of the 2-West sortable permutations. Our goal is to provide the first results in this new framework, hoping to gain a better understanding of the general 2-stacksort problem.

Arkadiusz Lewandowski

Valentina Giangreco, April 28, 2019


Math Colloquium

Speaker: Arkadiusz Lewandowski, Jagiellonian University

Title: Properties of solution trajectories for a metrically regular generalized equation

Location: Tg-227
Time: Thursday May 2 at 11.40 am

Abstract:

It is known that given a smooth strictly pseudoconvex domain, all of its boundary points admit a peak function and an exposing map. We shall discuss the recent question of Deng, Guan, and Zhang (TAMS, 2016), concerning the existence of smooth families of peak functions and exposing maps at the boundary points of strictly pseudoconvex domains forming the family varying in a smooth way.

Iman Mehrabi Nezhad

Valentina Giangreco, April 7, 2019

Math Colloquium

Speaker: Iman Mehrabi Nezhad, HÍ

Title: Properties of solution trajectories for a metrically regular generalized equation

Location: VR-II 258
Time: Thursday April 11 at 10.00 am

Abstract:

The presentation starts from a tangible example, analysis of electrical circuits. Using the circuit theory laws, and considering set-valued maps to model the i-v characteristics of semiconductors like diode, and transistor, a generalized equation is obtained. The main concern of the talk is to investigate how perturbing the input signal will affect the output variables. The problem is studied in two cases: the static case, where the input signal is a DC source; and the dynamic case, where there exists an AC source in the circuit. We will review the electronic part very briefly as we are more interested in the mathematical model.In the static case, the problem can be reduced to the existence or absence of local stability properties of the solution map, or metric regularity for the inverse map. In the dynamic case, using methods of variational analysis and strong metric regularity property of an auxiliary map, we are able to prove the regularity properties of the solution trajectories inherited by the input signal. Furthermore, we establish the existence of continuous solution trajectories for the perturbed problem. 

Ahmed Zeriahi (28/03/2019)

Valentina Giangreco, March 20, 2019

Math Colloquium

Speaker: Ahmed Zeriahi, Université Toulouse III, Paul Sabatier

Title: Pluripotential Kähler-Ricci flows

Location: VR-II 258
Time: Thursday March 28 at 11.40 am

Abstract:

We will first give an introduction to the Kähler-Ricci flow
on Kähler compact manifolds.
Next, we will review a recent joint work with Chinh H. Lu and Vincent
Guedj on a weak version of this theory
motivated by the study of the Kähler-Ricci flow on complex projective
varieties with mild singularities.
This study requires the development of a Parabolic Pluripotential Theory
on compact Kähler manifolds.
It bowls down to define and study weak solutions for some parabolic
complex Monge-Ampère equations,
extending the celebrated Bedford-Taylor theory in the degenerate
elliptic case.
arXiv:1810.02121 https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.02121

Nick Poovuttikul (21/03/2019)

Valentina Giangreco, March 15, 2019

Math Colloquium

Speaker: Nick Poovuttikul, University of Iceland

Title: Is hydrodynamics a theory of series expansion?

Location: VR-II 258
Time: Thursday March 21 at 11.40 am

Abstract:

Hydrodynamics is one of the most successful theories in physics which describe dynamics across various length scales: from a few micrometers to the scale of galaxies. (some) Physicists tried to come up with an explanation why such a simple set of equations works so well. One of the most accepted explanations is based on the theorem by Nother which related the existence of divergence free quantities to the continuous global symmetries of the system. According to this, hydrodynamics is the gradient expansion of these quantities.

There are, however, many problems with this ‘explanation’, loosely speaking due to the lack of proper definitions of this gradient expansion scheme. I will go through a few scenarios where sometimes the procedure gives a non-sensible prediction such as the water is unstable, sometimes the gradient expansions is non-analytical (which can be observed experimentally), sometimes it gives a signal that travel faster than the speed of light or doesn’t even give the same collective excitations that were observed in the real systems, even in the regime where the hydrodynamic should be applicable.

Unfortunately, I have no mathematically satisfying answer to this question. So this overview talk will be a list of personal questions and puzzles I found while trying to understand what hydrodynamics really means.