Posts tagged: netafræði

Sigurður Örn Stefánsson (27/10/14)

Benedikt Magnússon, október 23, 2014

Málstofa í stærðfræði

Fyrirlesari: Sigurður Örn Stefánsson, University of Iceland
Titill: Convergence of random planar maps to the Brownian tree

Staðsetning: V-157, VRII
Tími: Mánudagur 27. október, frá 15:15 til 16:15.

Ágrip:

Random planar maps are defined by assigning non-negative weights to each face of a planar map and the weight of a face depends only on its degree. I will explain the Bouttier-Di Francesco-Guitter bijection between the planar maps and a class of labelled trees called mobiles. By throwing away labels one can, via another bijection, relate the mobiles to the model of so-called simply generated trees which are understood in detail. For certain choices of weights a unique large face, having degree proportional to the total number of edges in the maps, appears with high probability when the maps are large. This corresponds to a recently studied phenomenon of condensation in simply generated trees where a vertex having degree proportional to the size of the trees appears. In this case the planar maps, with a properly rescaled graph metric, are shown to converge in distribution towards Aldous’ Brownian tree in the Gromov-Hausdorff topology.

Sara Sabrina Zemljic (20/10/14)

Benedikt Magnússon, október 16, 2014

Málstofa í stærðfræði

Fyrirlesari: Sara Sabrina Zemljic, University of Iceland
Titill: Sierpiński graphs, framhald af fyrirlestri 6. okt

Staðsetning: V-157, VRII
Tími: Mánudagur 20. október, frá 15:00 til 16:00.

Ágrip:

Sierpiński graphs \(S_p^n\) form an extensively studied family of graphs of fractal nature applicable in topology, mathematics of the Tower of Hanoi, computer science, and elsewhere. In the talk we will take a closer look at these graphs and go through some of their basic properties.

Sara Sabrina Zemljic (06/10/14)

Benedikt Magnússon, október 2, 2014

Málstofa í stærðfræði

Fyrirlesari: Sara Sabrina Zemljic, University of Iceland
Titill: Sierpiński graphs

Staðsetning: V-157, VRII
Tími: Mánudagur 6. október, frá 15:00 til 16:00.

Ágrip:

Sierpiński graphs \(S_p^n\) form an extensively studied family of graphs of fractal nature applicable in topology, mathematics of the Tower of Hanoi, computer science, and elsewhere. In the talk we will take a closer look at these graphs and go through some of their basic properties.

Thomas Vallier (15/09/14)

Benedikt Magnússon, september 11, 2014

Málstofa í stærðfræði

Fyrirlesari: Thomas Vallier, University of Iceland
Titill: Bootstrap percolation on the random graph \(G_{n,p}\)

Staðsetning: V-157, VRII
Tími: Mánudagur 15. september, frá 15:00 til 16:00.

Ágrip:

Bootstrap percolation on the random graph \(G_{n,p}\) is a process of spread of “activation” on a given realization of the graph with a given number of initially active nodes. At each step those vertices which have not been active but have at least \(r ≥ 2\) active neighbours become active as well.

We consider the n vertices with global connections inherited from the structure of the graph \(G_{n,p}\), meaning that any two vertices share an edge with probability \(p\) independently of the others.

The presentation is based on the article ”Bootstrap percolation on the random graph \(G_{n,p}\)” by Janson, Luczak, Turova and Vallier.

Among other results, they study the size \(A^*\) of the final active set depending on the number of vertices active at the origin as a function of n (the number of vertices) and \(p = p(n)\) (the probability of connections) which is written \(a_0(n, p) = a_0\). The model exhibits a sharp phase transition: depending on the parameters of the model the final size of activation with a high probability is either \(n − o(n)\) or it is \(o(n)\).

I will give a pictorial introduction to the model and explain briefly the approach of the authors to derive the threshold for bootstrap percolation on \(G_{n,p}\).